BRIEF NOTES ON THE DISTRICT

 

Write very briefly about the district

Before 14th November 1976 Ghaziabad was the Tehsil of District Meerut. The then chief minister Mr. N.D.Tiwarideclared Ghaziabad as a district on 14th November 1976, on the birth anniversary of Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. From then Ghaziabad has moved forward leaps and bounds on the social, economic, agriculture and individual front.

Buses run at frequent intervals from here to Delhi, Meerut,Aligarh,Bulandshahar, Moradabad, and Lucknow and to other districts also. It is an important station on the Northern Railway where railway lines, from Delhi to Calcutta, Moradabad and Saharanpur meet, connecting it with many important cities of India.

As its boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the GATEWAY OF U.P.

The place was founded in 1740 by the vizir, Ghazi-ud-din, who called it Ghaziuddinnagar after himself and built a spacious sarai consisting of 120 rooms of masonry with pointed arches. Only the gate, a few portions of the boundary wall and a massive pillar about fourteen feet in height remains now, the precincts now being inhabited. His mausoleum still stands in the city but is in a bad state of preservation. The Jat raja, Surajmal, killed near the city by the Rohillas in 1763. An encounter between the freedom fighters and a small British force took place here in May, 1857, in which the former were defeated while trying to hold the Hindon. After the opening the railway line the name of the place was shortened to Ghaziabad.

 

Brief about the administrative set up

Ghaziabad was given the status of Municipal Corporation on 31st August 1994.There is one municipal corporation (Ghaziabad), 4 municipal councils (Muradnagar, Modinagar,Loni and KhoraMakanpur) and 4 town panchayats (town area Niwari, Patla, Dasna, and Faridnagar) in the district. There are 204 villages in the district out of which 191 villages are inhabited and13 are non-inhabited.

 

 

 


 

Brief about the peculiarities in demography

Male-1779924, Female-1563410, Total Population-3343334

Total SC-489138, Total ST-3853

No. of HHds-769209

Total Area-910 Sqkm.

Brief about the terrain

The district of Ghaziabad is suitated in the middle of Ganga- Yamuna doab. In shape it is roughly rectangular, its lenght is 72 Kms. and its breadth is 37 Kms. On the north it is bouned by the district of Meerut, on the south by that of Bulandshahar&Gautambudh Nagar and on the south- west by the national capital Delhi State and on the east by the district Jyotibaphulenagar.

Ganga, Yamuna and Hindon are the main rivers flowing through the district and they are filled with water throughout the year.  Other than these there are some small rainfed rivers, prominent among them is the Kali River. Apart from these rivers the Ganaga Canal flows through the district and irrigation work is carried out through different branches of Canal. The Ganga canal also caters the drinking water needs of the people of ghaziabad as well as Delhi.

Ghaziabad, the headquarter of the district of the same name, lies on the Grand Trunk road about a mile east of the Hindon river in Lat. 280 40' North and Long. 770 25' East, 19 Kms. east of Delhi and 46 Kms. south-west of Meerut with which it is connected by a metalled road. Other roads lead north-wesr to Loni and Baghpat and east to Hapur and Garhmukteshwar.

Climate-As it is connected to National capital Delhi, its temprature and rainfall are similar to Delhi. Rajasthan's dust storms and snowfall in the Himalayas, Kumaon and Garhwal hills name their impact in the weather regularly. The monsoon arrives in the district during the end of the June or the first week of July and normally it rains till october.As in other districts of northern India mainly three seasons- summer, winter and rainy  prevail here but sometimes due to severe snowfall in the Himalayas and Kumaon Hills adverse weather can also seen.

 


 

Brief about any specific social-economic-cultural peculiarities relevant form

election management point of view

Ghaziabad is a growing industrial city. Its population having increased from 5,81,886 (in 1901) to 33,43.334 (in 2011) mainly on account of its rapid industrilization and its proximity to Delhi. A large number of persons reside here but carry on their trades in Delhi or are employed there.

 

Brief about the infrastructure and resource avalability

Railway Station - 02 (Ghaziabad Railway station, New Ghaziabad Railway Station)

Nearest Airport - Indira Gandhi Internation Air port Delhi 35 Km.

Nearest Bus Stand - Roadways bus stand Ghaziabad

Nearst other Cities - Delhi 20km, Nodia 10km, Meerut 50Km, Hapur 45Km

 


Weather, periods of inaccessibility & inaccessible places

 

 

Weather:-

Weather of District Ghaziabad is SamShitoshan climate. According to seasons, hole year can be divided into four parts. From mid November to February will be winter, mid of March to till June will be Summer mid June to till to September will be Manosoon and till October to till November it is know as Sakramankall.

 

Rain:-

Average rain in district is 734 m.m.

 

Temperature :

 

Temperature survives minimum 8c and max. 18 c in winter. and in summer it is 28c and maximum 44c.

 

Humidty and Air:-

 

After some time of mansoon humidity is till 74% in climate and then it got reduce. Normally wind blow slowly. but after summer its speed got increased a little bit.

 

 

River:-

Hindon River flows in the part of District.


 

Brief about the places, which are generally inaccessible or difficult or reach

There is no Such Place.

Brief about the general law and order situation constituency wise

Sl.

Assembly Constituency

Law and order Situration

1.

53-Loni

This Constituency is sensitive due to mixed population. At Present Law and order situation is under control.

2.

54-Muradnagar

Law and order situation is under control.

3.

55-Sahibabad

Law and order situation is under control.

4.

56-Ghaziabad

Law and order situation is under control.

5.

57-Modinagar

Law and order situation is under control.

6.

58-Dhaulana(partial)

Law and order situation is under control.